India is one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and urbanization is both a challenge and an opportunity. One critical concern for India’s urbanizing future is the provision of basic urban services for all its citizens.
Using a social cost accounting (SCA) methodology, this paper estimates the social, economic, and environmental costs associated with the delivery of urban water, sanitation, transport, and energy services in four Indian cities. Case studies reveal that despite high coverage in the cities, the quantity and quality of services are inadequate, especially in the case of water and transport, and have high associated social costs. This research makes three key recommendations for India’s urban future: 1. Use of social cost accounting to plan services; 2. Integrated service planning to generate efficiencies across sectors; 3. Leveraging new models for service provision and entrepreneurial schemes. This report was produced by WRI India.
This guide provides cities with practical resources and guidance to plan with equity in mind, building climate-resilient cities which engage with communities in fair and just ways.
India's ClimateSmart Cities Assessment Framework
This webinar showcases India's innovative ClimateSmart Cities Assessment Framework, launched in 2019 to support cities in evaluating their development strategies from a climate lens.