India is one of the fastest growing countries in the world, and urbanization is both a challenge and an opportunity. One critical concern for India’s urbanizing future is the provision of basic urban services for all its citizens.
Using a social cost accounting (SCA) methodology, this paper estimates the social, economic, and environmental costs associated with the delivery of urban water, sanitation, transport, and energy services in four Indian cities. Case studies reveal that despite high coverage in the cities, the quantity and quality of services are inadequate, especially in the case of water and transport, and have high associated social costs. This research makes three key recommendations for India’s urban future: 1. Use of social cost accounting to plan services; 2. Integrated service planning to generate efficiencies across sectors; 3. Leveraging new models for service provision and entrepreneurial schemes. This report was produced by WRI India.
UrbanShift Annual Report
UrbanShift's inaugural annual report serves as an inspiring portfolio of the program's first year in action as well as a handbook for our strategy to achieve sustainable, low-carbon growth in more than 23 cities across three continents.
Reflections from International Youth Day
UrbanShift's Youth Day webinar highlighted inspiring youth and city led sustainability initiatives from China, India, Indonesia and Sierra Leone, with speakers reiterating the importance of meaningfully engaging young people in climate action.
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Cities from Asia, Africa and Latin America exchanged knowledge about integrated sustainable urban development at UrbanShift's first global in-person advocacy event and learned first hand from the experiences of host city Malmö, Sweden.