The term "nature-based solutions" captures approaches to reverse natural resource degradation and biodiversity loss while promoting sustainable development. Across ecosystems, many NbS can also protect people and nature from climate impacts, including shorter-term hazards such as flooding and longer-term threats like desertification.
Reducing these risks is paramount, especially since they disproportionately affect vulnerable and marginalized groups. These groups stand to benefit the most from nature-based climate adaptation solutions, revealing an important opportunity to advance equity outcomes. Additionally, evidence continues to emerge showing that an NbS approach can be more effective and result in greater savings, social benefits, and avoided losses than business-as-usual interventions (World Bank 2020; Chausson et al. 2020).
NbS initiatives have achieved important mitigation and sustainability outcomes; many could expand their impact by including adaptation, ecosystem health, social well-being, and climate resilience simultaneously. This paper, produced by WRI, identifies key opportunities for NbS initiatives to contribute to adaptation outcomes.
BiodiverCities by 2030
This report provides a vision for cities of the future and the needed systemic shifts to develop "BiodiverCities" that place nature at the heart of decision-making and infrastructure investments.
Smart, Sustainable and Resilient Cities
This working paper investigates the potential of nature-based solutions to help build smart, sustainable and resilient cities, drawing from the experience of G20 countries and beyond.
How Forests Near and Far Benefit People in Cities
A growing body of research shows that even forests located far away from urban centers provide tremendous benefits in regulating the global climate, water and biodiversity systems that are essential to people’s health and quality of life.
Better Forests, Better Cities
This report evaluates how forests both inside and outside city boundaries benefit cities and their residents, and what actions cities can take to conserve, restore and sustainably manage those forests.