Buildings are central to an effective, resilient, and just net zero transition for cities. They are responsible for 37% of global energy-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally, the third highest sector after electricity and heat, and transport (UNEP, 2021; Ritchie et al., 2020). Buildings are also a critical component of cities’ resilience against the impacts of climate change, both in shared and private spaces, as a place of shelter and protection from extreme weather (C40 & McKinsey, 2021).
CCFLA believes city government actors and municipal authorities can and must respond to the opportunities to decarbonize the buildings sector. Their analysis explores how best they can consider their options in sequence across a range of responses, which we have framed as policy and finance instruments. While there is robust literature on policy options for decarbonizing buildings, the complex interdependencies between supporting instruments and implementation barriers remain unexplored. Understanding these relationships can enable city governments to select the most appropriate policy and financial tools to decarbonize their building sectors.
This report applies network analysis to examine the interdependencies between 75 policy and finance instruments, as well as 22 barriers, to support the transition to net zero carbon buildings. Such a network analysis approach allows us to move beyond case studies to explore potential high-impact pathways for cities to support a low-carbon transition for the building sector effectively.
Mainstreaming Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Nature-Based Solutions for Climate Change Adaptation
This report offers contextual information, tools, and recommendations to help plan, design, and implement NbS for adaptation that advance gender equality and social inclusion while enhancing resilience, biodiversity, and ecosystem integrity.
Ministerial meeting on Urbanization and Climate Change at COP28 Summary Report
This report summarizes the Ministerial Meeting on Urbanization and Climate Change held at COP28 on 6 December 2023. This key event was co-hosted by UN-Habitat, the High-Level Climate Champions, and the COP28 Presidency.
Making blended finance work for nature-based solutions
This report explores innovative financial instruments for climate action and nature conservation, with a focus on Green Climate Fund's catalytic approaches and blending mechanisms for maximum impact.
A Guide to Biodiversity Financing for Cities and Regions
Using in-depth definitions, case studies and resources, the guide covers innovative and traditional financing instruments to support biodiversity conservation, maintenance, restoration and preservation.